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Copyright: Exceptions
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WCC Rules of Thumb - Multimedia Presentations

The CONFU Fair Use Guidelines for multimedia presentations are a somewhat complex set of rules and specifications for the incorporation of others' copyrighted works into a multimedia presentation for educational uses. The guidelines are conservative and do not define the limit of fair use. They should be considered, but the important thing to remember is to use only a small portion of the work, and make only necessary copies of the multimedia work.

Briefly, students and faculty may incorporate portions of others' works into their own multimedia presentations without asking for permission, as long as the purpose and use are for use in class, for a class assignment, for one's own portfolio, or for presentation at a professional conference. Copyright acknowledgement and appropriate attribution to the sources are necessary. These fair use rules allow the use of others' works in creation of an original work, not to making or distributing copies of it

What is meant by a "portion" is also specifically defined by CONFU, and the limits are said to be cumulative for each person's work for one semester or term.
  • Motion Media: Up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less, in the aggregate of a copyrighted motion media work.

  • Text Material: Up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less, in the aggregate of a copyrighted work consisting of text material. An entire poem of less than 250 words may be used, but no more than three poems by one poet, or five poems by different poets from any anthology may be used. For poems of greater length, 250 words may be used but no more than three excerpts by a poet, or five excerpts by different poets from a single anthology may be used.

  • Music, Lyrics, and Music Video: Up to 10%, but in no event more than 30 seconds, of the music and lyrics from an individual musical work (or in the aggregate of extracts from an individual work), whether the musical work is embodied in copies, or audio or audiovisual works.

  • Illustrations and Photographs: A photograph or illustration may be used in its entirety but no more than 5 images by an artist or photographer may be reproduced or otherwise incorporated as part of an educational multimedia project. When using photographs and illustrations from a published collective work, not more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, may be reproduced or otherwise as part of an educational multimedia project created under Section 2.

  • Numerical Data Sets: Up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries, whichever is less, from a copyrighted database or data table.

For a more complete explanation of these guidelines, try the following website: http://fairuse.stanford.edu/Copyright_and_Fair_Use_Overview/chapter7/7-c.html#3.









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