Categories of Disabilities
- Visual impairment, as evaluated by an optometrist or ophthalmologist, shall be demonstrated by central
visual acuity that is 20/70 or worse in the better eye with correction, or a peripheral field that subtends an
angle not greater than 20 degrees at its widest diameter. For the purposes of this disability, mobility and
orientation skills shall also be considered to be basic skills and special education services.
- Deafness or being hard of hearing, as determined by an audiologist, otologist, or otolaryngologist, shall
be demonstrated by a 25 decibel HL threshold (ANSI, 69) or worse for one or more of the frequencies 250-8000HZ,
in one or both ears.
- Speech or language impairment shall be demonstrated by significant deficits in listening comprehension or
oral expression. The EPT shall obtain an opinion from a licensed speech-language pathologist as to the existence
of a speech or language impairment and its effect on the student's ability to function. The determination of a
speech or language impairment shall be based on the following criteria:
- Listening comprehension. A significant deficit in listening comprehension exists when a student demonstrates
a deficit that is at least 2.0 standard deviations from the test mean on one or more measures of auditory
processing or comprehension of connected speech. Auditory processing or comprehension include
(iv) Recalling information
(v) Following directions
- Oral Expression.
For purposes of determination of a speech and language impairment, a significant deficit in oral expression
exists when a student demonstrates one or more of the following conditions:
(a) Sound or silent prolongations exceed one second in two or more speech samples, or
(b) Secondary symptoms or signs of tension or struggle during speech which are so severe as
to interfere with the flow of communication.
- Articulation. A significant deficit in articulation attributed to an organic or functional
disorder exists when a student is unable to articulate two or more of the unrelated phonemes in connected
speech. This condition may not be attributed to dialect or second language difficulties.
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